Active and Passive Voice

Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have “active forms” and “passive forms.” You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.

Active voice Form

In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.

[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]

Examples:

Examples:

Passive Form

In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized. You can also use the passive form if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing the action.

[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]

Examples:

In general we tend to use the active voice. That is when a subject does an action to an object.

Ex: Somebody stole my cellphone (subject = Somebody / action(verb) = stole / object = my cellphone)

Active / Passive Overview

Tense Active Passive
Simple Present
Once a week, Tom cleans the house.
Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom.
Present Continuous
Right now, Sarah is writing the letter.
Right now, the letter is being written by Sarah.
Simple Past
Sam repaired the car.
The car was repaired by Sam.
Past Continuous
The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store.
The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store.
Present Perfect
Many tourists have visited that castle.
That castle has been visited by many tourists.
Present Perfect Continuous
Recently, John has been doing the work.
Recently, the work has been being done by John.
Past Perfect
George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanic’s license.
Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanic’s license.
Past Perfect Continuous
Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant’s fantastic dinners for two years before he moved to Paris.
The restaurant’s fantastic dinners had been being preparedby Chef Jones for two years before he moved to Paris.
Simple Future
will
Someone will finish the work by 5:00 PM.
The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.
Simple Future
be going to
Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.
A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight.
Future Continuous
will
At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be washing the dishes.
At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be being washed by John.
Future Continuous
be going to
At 8:00 PM tonight, John is going to be washing the dishes.
At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going to be being washedby John.
Future Perfect
will
They will have completed the project before the deadline.
The project will have been completed before the deadline.
Future Perfect
be going to
They are going to have completed the project before the deadline.
The project is going to have been completed before the deadline.
Future Perfect Continuous
will
The famous artist will have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.
The mural will have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.
Future Perfect Continuous
be going to
The famous artist is going to have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.
The mural is going to have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.
Used to
Jerry used to pay the bills.
The bills used to be paid by Jerry.
Would Always
My mother would always make the pies.
The pies would always be made by my mother.
Future in the Past
Would
I knew John would finish the work by 5:00 PM.
I knew the work would be finished by 5:00 PM.
Future in the Past
Was Going to
I thought Sally was going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.
I thought a beautiful dinner was going to be made by Sally tonight.

What is the passive voice?

In general we tend to use the active voice. That is when a subject does an action to an object.

  1. Somebody stole my cellphone (subject = Somebody / action(verb) = stole / object = my cellphone)

taken from: www.englishpage.com/

 

GO TO THE NEXT PAGES AND WORK ON THE EXERCISES:

https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises_list/passiv.htm

https://www.espressoenglish.net/passive-voice-examples-exercises-present-past/

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WISHES AND REGRETS

Sometimes we want to talk about our regrets, things that happen now  or  happened to us in the past and we would like to change it or live it in a different way but now we couldn’t…

To talk about regrets we can use  WISH  and IF ONLY

Wish and If only

Wish and ‘If only’ are both used to talk about regrets – things that we would like to change either about the past or the present.

Talking about the present

  • If only I didn’t have so much homework I could go to the concert tonight. She has a lot of homework and she can’t go to the concert.
  • I wish you didn’t live so far away.
  • I wish I knew what to do.

When we talk about present regrets, both wish and if only are followed by the past simple tense. The past tense emphasises that we are talking about something ‘unreal’.

Talking about the past

  • I wish I’d studied harder when I was at school. He didn’t study harder when he was at school.
  • I wish I hadn’t eaten all that chocolate. I feel sick.
  • If only I’d known you were coming.

Both wish and if only are followed by the past perfect tense when we talk about past regrets.

Wish/if only and would

We use wish + would to talk about something in the present that we would like to change – usually something that we find annoying.

  • I wish you wouldn’t borrow my clothes without asking.
  • I wish it would rain. The garden really needs some water.
  • I wish you’d give up smoking. it’s really bad for you.

NB We can only use wish + would to talk about things we can’t change.

So I wish I wouldn’t eat so much chocolate is not possible although we can say I wish I didn’t eat so much chocolate.

(taken from https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org )

Now, go to the websites above and practice a little…

http://www.english-in-chester.co.uk/e-learning/lesson/wishes-regrets/

http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-if-only.php

 

PORTFOLIO TASK 

Write a short composition about your regrets using wish / if only/- Wish/if only and would and different narrative tenses .

 

 

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FUTURE TENSES, CONNECTORS AND USED TO/ GET USED TO/ BE USED TO…

GO TO THE NEXT WEBSITES  , SURF THEM, STUDY THE THEORY ABOUT THE GRAMMAR WE HAVE  BEEN STUDYING IN CLASS AND DO THE EXERCISES

FUTURE TENSES

There are many ways to express the future according to the situation, you can use present, present continuous, going to verb, will + verb, future perfect, future perfect continous…

We normally use the present tense When we know about the future .

We use the present simple for something scheduled or arranged previously:

We have presentation about “life in the future” next Wednesday

 

We can use the present continuous to talk abour plans or future  arrangements:

I’m watching Seleccion Colombia soccer game tomorrow

 

We use will to talk about the future:

-When we make predictions:

I think Colombia will win tomorrow.

-To mean want to or be willing to:

I hope you will enjoy the concert

-To make offers and promises:

I’ll send you some exercises through my blog.

-To talk about offers and promises:
Danny will help  you with the task.

We use (be) going verbto+ :

·         To talk about plans and intentions:

We’re going to travel to Monteria.
·         When we can see that something is likely to happen:

Look at those black clouds. I think it’s going to rain.

-We often use verbs like would likeplanwantmeanhopeexpect to talk about the future:

What are you going to do next year? I’d like to go to New York.
We plan to go to USA for our holidays.
 

 

 

http://www.ef.com/english-resources/english-grammar/simple-future-tense/

http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/future.htm

http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/simplefuture.html

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/future_contrasted.htm

 

USED TO / GET USED / MUST / HAVE TO

  • Used to:

FORM:           be used to + noun/gerund

                      get used to + noun/gerund

  • Be used to is used to express that a situation is not new or strange, or is no longer new or strange.
      • I’ve lived here for 25  years now so I’m used to walking to the school.
  • Get used to is used to express that an action/situation becomes less strange or new, or becomes more comfortable.
    • It took us a long time to get used to our new teacher.
  • We use ‘used to’ for something that happened regularly in the past but no longer happens.
  • My father used to drink alcohol  but he  stopped ten  years ago.
  • I used to walk to the school but how I take a bus.

We also use it for something that was true but  no longer is.

  • People used to celebrate parties in the backyards in Valledupar but now there isn’t.

http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-used-to.php

http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/usedto.html

http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-exercise-used-to.php

http://www.englishpage.com/modals/would.html

CONNECTORS: ALTHOUGH/ HOWEVER / NEVERTHELESS

Some tips:

  • After although we use a subject + verb
  • We can use ‘although’ at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence
  • Sometimes we use though instead of although
  • Although and However are two conjunctions that indicate contrast or opposition.
  •  

    The main difference between although and however is that although is a subordinating conjunction while however is a conjunctive adverb.

     

    GO TO THIS WEBSITES TO EXPLORE MORE:

http://www.conhecer.org.br/download/INGLES%20INTERMEDIARIO/APROFUNDAMENTO%20-%20CONJUNCTIONS.pdf

https://www.espressoenglish.net/linking-words-contrasting-ideas/

http://pediaa.com/difference-between-although-and-however/

 

 

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Presentation about future

Surf the internet and look for information about the future.

Describe how things will be in the cities or towns in 2500 or later…

Take into account some aspects like:

Houses, buildings, electricity, home devices: Education;Clothes;Transportation; Communication, mass media; entertainment: movies, games, music; Sports and other aspects hat you consider important to describe life in the future.

Prepare a 5 to 10 minutes presentation; use future tenses; use slides or another kind of visual aids; prepare detailed explanation…

The presentations wil be next class: October 19th.

 

 

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Audios: Letter to a newborn son

Listen to these audios carefully:

PART ONE

http://www.yunost.ru/docs/misc/Headway/5%20-%20New%20Headway%20-%20Advanced/New%20Headway%20-%20Advanced%20-%20Audio%20-%20Student’s%20Book/CD2/Track%207.1.mp3

PART TWO

http://www.yunost.ru/docs/misc/Headway/5%20-%20New%20Headway%20-%20Advanced/New%20Headway%20-%20Advanced%20-%20Audio%20-%20Student’s%20Book/CD2/Track%207.2.mp3

PART THREE

http://www.yunost.ru/docs/misc/Headway/5%20-%20New%20Headway%20-%20Advanced/New%20Headway%20-%20Advanced%20-%20Audio%20-%20Student’s%20Book/CD2/Track%207.3.mp3

 

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RAISING SUCCESFUL CHILDREN-LISTENING

GO TO THE NEXT WEBSITE AND DO EXERCISES 1, 2, 3 AND 4. THEN SEND OPEN A  WORD FILE AND SEND YOUR ANSWERS TO MY BLOG: egosum24@yahoo.com

reference:raising(your name)

http://www.esl-lab.com/children/childrenrd1.htm

 

FOR ITEM NUMBER FOUR WRITE AT LEAST THREE PARAGRAPHS EXPRESSING YOUR OPINION ABOUT THE TOPIC. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS ON THE EXERCISE AND THE NEXT ONES TOO…

 

How are parents raising their children today?

What are doing well/bad?

What are the main problems parents have?

What are the main rules or limits to children?

How do you think values help to raise children?

pass

 

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AMAZING PEOPLE

CHOOSE A PERSON YOU ADMIRE AND YOU CONSIDER THAT HAS INFLUENCED OTHER PEOPLE’S LIVES (  A SCIENTIFIC, AN ACTOR/ACTRESS, WRITER, SINGER, ATHLETE, ETC). LOOK FOR INFORMATION ABOUT HIS/HER LIFE, BACKGROUND, HOBBIES, PROFESSION…

PREPARE S PRESENTATION FOR NEXT CLASS. REMEMBER TO USE NARRATIVE TENSES. YOU CAN USE VISUAL AIDS.

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